The aim of these posts is parsing sentences to determine their constituent relationships (syntactic function) and understanding the exact meaning of a word or phrase, or a sentence.

April 20, 2020

How to avoid those unnecessary pronouns

PRONOMINALIZATION (using a pronoun instead of a noun) is a standard approach to RELATIVIZATION Complementizers include WH- words and expletives that, if, and whether, all of […]
April 20, 2020

How to do away with the pronoun “it”

Pronominalization is the use of a pronoun instead of a noun. Pronominalization is appropriate where “a noun or noun phrase in an embedded sentence is . . . identical […]
April 20, 2020

Parsing for complementizers that have filler-gap dependencies

Look at the following examples: The head-initialized antecedent (italicized) has a complementizer (bolded) that is the syntactic head of a full clause, the embedded clause (coloured […]
April 24, 2020


Pronoun it is the subject According to John Lawler, extraposition “seems to work to keep subject complement clauses from assuming the normal subject position preceding the […]